Transportation is among the basic needs of human civilisation. From bicycles to aeroplanes, various means of transportation are used in different parts of the world. Clearly, green transport ideas have one of the most significant roles to play towards sustainable development.
With increasing concerns regarding the impact of the modes of transportations used on the environment it has become more than essential to implement all the possible green transport ideas. Effective ideas would help in carrying several people from point to point and consume far less fuel than required for individual transportation of people. Routes of trains, metros, buses, trams and ferries should be complimentary and integrated as far as possible to encourage people to use means of mass transportation.
Progressively, eco-friendly technologies need to be incorporated to make public transportation more sustainable. For instance, solar panels can be fitted to roofs of buses, trains, trams, ferries, etc. Depending upon the amount of energy solar panels can harvest, there can be enough electricity for the engines or lights and other features of the motor-body. Commuters can be offered charging ports for mobile devices too. If nothing, the charged batteries can be replaced at stations and ports and used for other purposes.
Engines that can use electricity as well as oil and gas can be one of the revolutionarily green transport ideas. Complementing the concept of sustainability in transportation, such engines are essential for monsoon and winter as well as for colder regions. When solar energy is insufficient, engines will be powered by CNG, LPG or other less harmful fuels.
There is no other better means of transport that exceeds or matches the virtues of bicycles. Several countries have dedicated bicycle lanes to encourage the greenest transport options. Some government and non-government firms even provide allowances or other benefits to promote use of bicycles among their employees. Bicycle has ‘zero’ impact on the environment. It does not produce emission of any kind, almost every part of it is recyclable and it needs no fuel, while cycling is the best exercise that does not require dedicated time. Moving to and from schools, offices, local markets, etc. by bicycles is the ultimate green transport idea for both developed and developing nations.
Fuel efficient vehicles
Almost all major automobile companies have taken a note of the environment-friendliness. If people choose more fuel-efficient cars against otherwise, a wave of change can be witnessed as manufacturers will compete to outdo each other. Both the individuals and the Earth will benefit from reduced fuel-requirement. However, a car still requires considerable fuel. Therefore, those people who have customised their vehicle-engines for better efficiency or for hybrid performance are nobler than their counterparts, indeed.
Still higher a level of fuel-optimisation is carpooling. Especially, servicemen, teachers and similar employees who follow routine routes can offer ride to others moving towards the same direction or destination. A fuel-efficient hybrid car with four people has multiple times less impact on the environment than conventional modes of transportation.