Pollution of any kind is harmful but one of the largest forms of pollution is air pollution. The effects of air pollution are lasting in the nature because of the harm they cause. Though primary education has always tried to inculcate the values of environment, some of us do not seem to bother much about the consequences that are grave and can have serious effects on the health of both man and environment.
As it rains, the traces of nitrogen contained in some of the pollutants are washed away and deposited on the soil and in the river waters. This has an adverse effect on the nutrients contained in the soils and rivers. The growth of algae on the water surface is consequent upon this, which makes the living conditions harmful for some of the organisms.
Depletion of Ozone
The ozone gas can be found both in the upper layer of atmosphere or the stratosphere as well as at the ground level. When at the ground level, ozone is a form of pollutant while in the atmosphere, it forms a protective layer. The ozone layer in the atmosphere obstructs the harmful UV rays from reaching the surface of the earth. One of major sources of air pollution includes the deodorants and perfumes that contain chlorofluorocarbons. There are other manmade chemicals too like the halons and the hydrofluorocarbons. These pollutants are depleting the ozone layer thereby making way for the UV and other harmful rays to reach the earth’s surface.
One of the most harmful effects of air pollution is acidification. Acidic compounds are created in the process, which in turn poses sufficient threat to the environment and the life forms. Acid rain is also the effect of air pollution and is caused when the droplets of water combine with sulphuric acid. Acid rain affects the life forms on earth including trees.
When the tiny pollutants encounter the sun’s rays, it causes haze. The colour, texture, form, and clarity of the objects are obscured by haze. The vehicles and factories release pollutants that cause haze. It is also released by few gases that include nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide.
Change in climatic conditions
There are balanced gaps that occur naturally in the layers of earth’s atmosphere, trapping some of the heat near the surface of the earth. The temperature on the earth is kept balanced by the greenhouse effect. Unfortunately, some of the pollutants released into the air have caused serious imbalance producing greenhouse gases in large amounts and the gases include carbon dioxide and methane. Consequently, more heat may be said to be trapped by the atmosphere of the earth. This in turn causes the standard temperature of the earth to rise and eventually contributes to global warming which is one of the most prominent effects of air pollution.
The effects of air pollution pose threat not just for the earth but for all the life forms that it sustains.