Different Types of Ecosystems

By on August 6, 2011

An Ecosystem is the combination of two words such as ecological and system, which is the collection of abiotic and biotic components and the process that contains, and also governs behavior of some specific subset to biosphere.

Ecosystem differs in fauna, weather and flora but all of those support some sort of life. So, it is necessary to understand the ecosystem features before entering into it and trying to make alterations. In early days, lack of this understanding can lead to exploitation of natural habitats and also extinction of several rare species along with the destruction of beautiful landscapes. To avoid this, everyone needs to understand the ecosystem type which we are dealing with. Here are the types of ecosystems that need in depth study:

 Different types of ecosystems:

Basically there are two types of ecosystems: Aquatic and terrestrial. All other ecosystems will fall under these two.

 Aquatic ecosystems:

 Aquatic ecosystems

This can be found in the body of the water. This encompasses fauna, water properties and aquatic flora. There two types of aquatic ecosystems such as, Fresh water and Marine.

 The freshwater ecosystem:

The freshwater ecosystem

This ecosystem covers 0.8% of the earth’s surface only and contains 0.009% of total water. Three main types of freshwater ecosystems are:

  • Lotic: Fast moving water sources such as rivers and streams.
  • Lentic: Still water or slow moving water like ponds, lakes and pools.
  • Wetlands: Areas in which soil is saturated or inundated for some lengthy time.
  • The ecosystems are the home to the ambiance, reptiles and around 41%of world’s fish species.

 The marine ecosystem:

The marine ecosystem

These are the biggest ecosystems that cover 71% of the earth surface. Water characteristics in the marine ecosystems are high amounts of salts and minerals.

 Terrestrial ecosystems:

Terrestrial ecosystems

These are found everywhere except water bodies. Terrestrial ecosystems are classified as:

Forest ecosystem:

Forest ecosystem

These are ecosystems where flora abundance is seen. They have a large number of living organisms in small area. So, the density of life in the forest ecosystem is high.

Desert ecosystem:

Desert ecosystem

These can be found in the areas which receive the annual rainfall of much less than 25cm. These deserts occupy 17% of the world. Because of too high temperatures, lower water availability and intense sunlight, fauna and flora are poorly developed and also inadequate.

 Grassland ecosystem:

These are found in both tropical and temperate areas of the world; however these ecosystems are varying slightly. Mainly this area comprises of most grasses with little amount of trees and shrubs.



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