The varied number of species of animals, plants, microorganisms, the planet’s different ecosystem, rainforests, coral reefs and deserts forms a part of this diversity. Biodiversity boosts productivity of the ecosystem, where each and every species, irrespective of their size, have an important part to play.
An intrinsic value is associated with biodiversity that needs to be protected regardless of its importance to humans. Numerous ecological services are performed by biodiversity that have recreational, aesthetic and economic value. This argument shares the same ideas regarding conserving the ecologically non-equivalent species as the equivalent ones, in terms of services delivered, are redundant.
Both intrinsic and anthropocentric view points are often considered to be incompatible as they come from two completely different philosophies. While one views nature to be innately valuable, the other regards it to be economically valuable. Biodiversity’s intrinsic value is the concept that human beings form a part of nature. The argument regarding biodiversity conservation often accentuates the need of facilitating continued evolution. Human-beings benefitted from the process of evolution as they were and are a part of nature.
Such a doctrine questions whether human-beings should be endangering their own environment and the method from which they stem. The Noah principle states that a species’ usefulness is not considered at the time of discussing its preservation, but rather its presence in the history of evolution is adequate enough to affirm its preservation.
Environmental ethicists stress that human beings should be protecting biodiversity as they are the main reason behind the loss in diversity through exploitation, loss of habitat and other perturbations. It is an obligation for this generation and the coming ones to try and protect every species possible.
When anthropocentric endeavours at biodiversity, valuations are put aside, then only realms of spiritual, religious and emotional justifications remain. Sceptics on the other hand, consider the religious and the spiritual holds of biodiversity may simply be due to the lack of it.
Protected wild areas in North America where organisms live uninterrupted, give the people a feeling of satisfaction that there exist bears, wolves, insects and rare plants on their continent. Wild and natural landscapes are aesthetically quite pleasing. Apart from providing with the opportunity to escape from the human-dominated environment, it also imparts the platform for recreational activities like canoeing, bird-watching, hiking and wildlife photography.
Hundreds of examples can be drawn as far as benefits of bio diversity is concerned, but biologists frequently outline that the “unknown” part is too heavy. Numerous organisms are still waiting to be discovered. Many of the valuable goods that one uses nowadays, such as pepper, cinnamon, tamoxifen quinine, aspirin, digitalis etc have been “accidentally” discovered as these were produced by animals and plants for attraction or defence. If not, then these organisms would not have been considered valuable and conservation-worthy.