Learning how to prepare Vermicompost is imperative because it is an incredible source of nutrients for the soil. These are worm castings meaning earthworm excreta. Vermicomposting is the procedure of transforming organic remains into useful worm castings that help in increasing soil fertility. These castings are very rich in their content of phosphorous, potassium, magnesium, calcium and nitrogen and this is the reason why they are considered useful for soil fertility. Vermicompost is usually prepared by rearing earthworms and feeding them with biomass.
Purchase or build a worm bin
A worm bin is an enclosure where the worms will be able to live in a comfortable manner. The worm bin holds the food scraps and the bedding and it also does the job of regulating the quantity of moisture present in the bedding. The worm bin also blocks light which is considered harmful for the worms. There are a number of organic or gardening supply stores which sell pre-assembled bins. The worm bin should consist of a very large storage bin which should be opaque and 30 cm deep because worms generally live under soil surface. The bin should also have a number of small holes on its sides for proper air flow.
The next step includes purchasing good quality worms for the worm bin. Red wigglers are the best varieties of worms to be used in vermicomposting operations. These worms have the potential of breaking down materials aggressively for indoor composting. Worms can easily be ordered from organic gardening supply stores.
Preparing worm bedding
Worm bedding is actually the material used by the worms to live in. This material can either be made from organic matter rich in carbon like cardboard or paper but it is best to use a newspaper. Remember, that worms live in moisture-rich environment and therefore you must make it a point to ensure that the bedding is moist. Apart from the bedding, some soil should also be added into the worm bin. Soil provides the required grit which helps the worms to digest food scraps. After, preparing the bedding, it is time for you to add the earthworms into your vermicompost bin. The worms should be scattered on the bedding and the lid should be placed so that light can be blocked efficiently.
Adding food scraps to the worm bin
In order to start with the vermicomposting procedure, simply spread the food scraps in the worm bin and try resealing the lid. This helps in burying the food scraps under the bedding for the prevention of fruit flies. When the composting procedure is completed, you need to remove the earthworms. They will digest the food scraps and produce castings. The castings look very similar to threads in dark black color and these make up the completed vermicompost. Try removing the worms with your hand or by the removal of the bedding, one at a time so that the worms move towards the bottom of the bin for escaping light.
After you are done with the procedure of removing the vermicompost, replace the worm bedding so that the worms get fresh bedding. It is also important for you to take good care of the vermicompost on a regular basis. So, now you have got the idea about how to prepare vermicompost. Also take care that you do not add too much water when you prepare the bedding as it can make the soil runny and does not provide a suitable environment for the worms. There are also chances that muddy soil might get hardened making it difficult for the worms to move in the compost.